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Tackling AI Fraud in Retail: A New Frontier in Consumer Misconduct

The Rise of AI-Generated Fraud

In recent years, a new challenge in the ongoing battle of retail theft has emerged. The industry is now facing an unprecedented challenge: the misuse of generative AI by consumers to fabricate evidence of product damages for refunds. This new form of fraud leverages the advanced capabilities of AI to create highly realistic, yet entirely false, images or videos of damaged products.

Examples of AI Fraud

Fake Product Damage Images

Scammers are using AI to generate images of products that appear damaged or defective. For instance, a customer might claim a delivered electronic gadget was received with a cracked screen, supported by AI-generated images showing such damage.

Manipulated Delivery Videos

Some fraudulent claims involve AI-generated videos that depict delivery mishaps, like a package being mishandled or dropped, which never actually occurred.

Counterfeit Receipts and Documentation

AI tools are also being employed to create fake receipts or warranty documents to support fraudulent claims.

Managing Policy: Internal & External Maneuvering

First and foremost, the bedrock of any robust return policy is clarity and detail. Retailers must ensure that their return policies are not only well-documented but also easily accessible to customers at the point of sale. This clarity extends to what exactly constitutes a valid return or exchange, leaving no room for ambiguity.

In cases where fraud is suspected but not confirmed, offering store credit instead of cash refunds can be a middle ground that protects the retailer while still valuing the customer. Furthermore, regularly monitoring and adapting return policies based on emerging trends in fraudulent activities is vital.

Taking a product-first approach, especially for retailers with 3rd party marketplaces, the variable policy must be attached to the reseller or SKU, specifically. This requires a deeper level of data governance and integration, inclusive of merchant onboarding, but offers some of the most flexible options in the market today.

A more consumer-personalized approach, such as a tiered return policy based on customer loyalty or purchase history, can also be beneficial. Trusted, regular customers could be offered more lenient return policies, fostering loyalty and trust. This also requires a deeper level of alignment between customer purchase behavior and policy, but rewards your target customer personas.

Technological Solutions for Retailers

To combat this new wave of fraud, retailers can employ various technological solutions:

  1. AI and Machine Learning Detection Tools: These tools can analyze images, videos, and documents for signs of digital manipulation. They compare the submitted evidence against known AI-generated patterns and inconsistencies.

  2. Foundational Systems Integration: In the fight against fraud, requiring proof of purchase is key. Insisting on original receipts or order confirmations helps to significantly reduce fraudulent claims based on counterfeit documents. Automating this verification- in store, contact center, or through bots/automation allows retailers to make this an efficient part of the process.

    Proper enterprise architecture can help to securely track the product’s journey from warehouse to customer, ensuring the authenticity of the product’s condition upon delivery. This data can be fed to customer service agents and bots to better assist customers and avoid issuing refunds when there is suspicious activity.

  3. Enhanced Data Analytics: Leveraging advanced data analytics can help identify unusual patterns in customer returns and claims, flagging potential fraud cases.

Examples of AI-altered photos portraying defects, that, if used to deceive a retailer into offering a discount or refund, would be a form of retail theft and fraud.


The emergence of AI-generated fraud in the retail industry poses a significant threat, but it also presents an opportunity for businesses to adopt advanced technological solutions. By leveraging tools like AI detection software, robust systems integration, and data analytics, retailers can stay one step ahead in this new era of digital deception.

As retail continues to navigate the complexities of modern commerce, refining return policies is more than a necessity; it’s a strategic move to protect the business. By balancing technological advancements with thoughtful strategy and customer-centric approaches, retailers can create an environment where both the business and the customers feel secure and valued.

For expert solutions and support, reach out to Rosetree Solutions, your trusted 5-star AppExchange partner.

David Rosenbaum, Managing Partner

David co-founded Rosetree Solutions in 2013 with his brother Craig. He helps organizations identify and realize their goals, with Salesforce at the center of their digital transformations.